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Las palabras más usadas en inglés

En inglés existen las content words, es decir, palabras, que contienen la mayor parte del mensaje de la oración y pueden ser sustantivos, adjetivos, verbos y adverbios. Por ejemplo: person (persona), gentle (amable), live (vivir), quickly (rápidamente).

También existen las grammar words, “palabras gramaticales”, cuya función principal es dar orden y coherencia al mensaje de la oración, y pueden ser pronombres, preposiciones y determinantes. Por ejemplo: they (ellos), under (debajo), those (aquellos).

Aunque la mayor parte del contenido de la comunicación está dado por las content words, ambos grupos de palabras son necesarios para la formación de la oración y la transmisión del mensaje en inglés.

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: nouns (sustantivos)

Algunos sustantivos muy utilizados en inglés son:

bodycuerpoIt’s good to protect your body from the sun.
booklibroI’m reading a good book at the moment.
boyniñoThe little boy stood by his mother the whole party.
brotherhermanoMy brother is older than me.
childniñoWhen you are a child, life always looks bright.
cityciudadMy best friend lives in another city.
clockreloj de paredThe clock on that wall is very valuable.
computercomputadoraTed wants to buy a new computer for work.
cuptazaI need a cup of coffee.
daydíaHave a nice day!
dogperroThere’s a dog barking in the distance.
doorpuertaSomeone knocked at the door.
eyeojoMy father has an eye for detail.
facerostroGrandma has a worried look on her face.
familyfamiliaPart of our family lives in the south.
fatherpadreMy father is a lawyer.
flowerflorMary’s favorite flower is the poppy.
foodcomidaI’ll buy some food at the store on my way home.
football / soccerfútbolSoccer is becoming very popular among women.
girlniñaThere’s a new girl in my class.
glassvasoHe offered me a glass of orange juice.
handmanoThe boss shook my hand and congratulated me.
housecasaWe live in a big house by the sea.
languageidiomaWendy doesn’t speak any foreign language.
lifevidaThe author of this book had a very interesting life.
manhombreThere’s a man at the door.
marketmercadoWe buy our groceries at the market every week.
milklecheWould you like some milk with your coffee?
monthmesThe visitors are coming at the end of the month.
mothermadreMy mother bought tickets for the concert.
noiseruidoWhat’s that noise in the street?
person / peoplepersona / genteKate is a nice person.
placelugarA sports club is a usual place to make friends.
plantplantaMom takes care of the plants in the garden.
riverríoThe Amazon is the longest river in the world.
schoolescuelaAll the kids at school have cell phones.
seamarDo you prefer the sea to the mountain?
sisterhermanaMy sister is taller than me.
starestrellaPick a star and make a wish.
store / shopnegocioBen runs a furniture store.
studentestudianteThere are three students in my pottery class.
sunsolThe sun is the brightest and biggest star in our galaxy.
teachermaestroWe have a new math teacher at school.
thingcosaThe thing I can’t stand is selfishness.
timetiempo, vezWhat is the time?
townpuebloMy grandfather comes from a small town in Italy.
universityuniversidadDo you plan to attend university?
watchrelojI want to buy a Swiss watch.
wateraguaWould you like some water?
weeksemanaI always finish my week very tired.
windowventanaPlease close the window before leaving.
womanmujerPatricia is an amazing woman.
worktrabajoMy father always has a lot of work.
worldmundoThe Black Sea has the saltiest waters in the world.
yearañoWe visited Ireland last year.

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: verbs (verbos)

Algunos de los verbos principales, auxiliares y verbos modales más utilizados son:

answerresponderI’ll answer your message as soon as I can.
askpreguntarCan I ask a question, please?
beser, estarThe most famous quote is “To be or not to be”.
believecreerDo you believe in ghosts?
bringtraerYou can bring a friend to the party if you want.
buycomprarMy parents plan to buy a new apartment.
canpoderCan you make it tomorrow at 2 p.m.?
comevenirMy friends want to come over for dinner.
couldpodía, podríaCould I make a suggestion?
do / doeshacer auxiliares del present simple (sin traducción).The students always do their homework.
enjoydisfrutarI enjoy listening to pop music.
getconseguirCould you get me a coffee, please?
givedarI give you a hand with that.
goirLet’s go to the park.
have / hastener auxiliares del present perfect (sin traducción)I have a lot of friends.
hearoírDid you hear that noise?
knowsaber, conocerI don’t know any people at the party.
likegustarThey like dancing.
livevivirYou live far from school.
lookmirarLook at the sky!
loveamarI really love animals.
makehacerMake yourself comfortable.
mayquizás, puede queIt may rain in the evening.
mightpuede queThe company might hire a new CEO.
listenescuchar con atenciónDo you usually listen to the radio?
rememberrecordarI don’t remember his name.
saydecirCan you say that again?
seeverWe could see the landscape from our hotel window.
sellvenderThey sell very good products at the new store.
shoulddeberíaYou should take a rest.
speakhablarSpeak out, please.
singcantarThe choir children sing beautifully.
studyestudiarI never study on weekends.
takellevarTake the cookies to the freezer for five minutes.
talkhablarCould we talk in private?
useusarMy aunt doesn’t know how to use a computer.
walkcaminarI like to walk along the beach.
watchmirarMy brothers watch TV all day long.
willverbo modal futuro (sin traducción)They will sign the contract as soon as possible.
worktrabajarMy parents work for a big company.
wouldverbo modal. Indica condicional / potencial (sin traducción).Would you travel back in time if you could?

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: adjectives (adjetivos)

Algunos de los adjetivos más utilizados en inglés son:

badmaloThis is a bad example for children.
beautifulbelloWhat beautiful scenery!
biggrandeThey run a big corporation.
blacknegroShe likes black cats.
blueazulI love the blue skies of the Mediterranean region.
darkoscuroIt was a dark night.
earlytempranoYou have to get up early to go to school.
goodbuenoThe meal was really good.
greenverdeYou have the green light to start the project.
happyfelizThe story has a happy ending.
heavypesadoHow heavy is your bag?
kindamableThat’s kind of you, thanks.
latetardeIt’s getting late, come on!
longlargoThere was a long line to buy tickets for the show.
newnuevoMy father has a new car.
niceagradableThey had a nice chat.
oldviejoWe visited many old castles in Europe.
prettybonitoWhat a pretty little child you are!
redrojoYou can’t cross if the light is red.
shortbajoJohnny is short for his age.
smallpequeñoI’ve got a small problem.
sorryapenadoI’m sorry I kept you waiting.
tallaltoHe’s a tall handsome boy.
whiteblancoIt’s a black and white movie.
youngjovenYou’re too young to live alone.

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: adverbs (adverbios)

Algunos de los adverbios más utilizados son:

alwayssiempreThey always work quietly.
earlytempranoIt’s too early to say.
everalguna vezHave you ever been to Greece?
firstprimeroFirst, boil the liquid for a few minutes.
here / thereaquí / alláThe restrooms are over there.
lastúltimoHis last novel was great.
latetardeI’m sorry I’m late.
nevernuncaThey’ve never traveled abroad.
nextdespués, luegoWhat happens next?
nonoNo, it’s not that way.
nowahoraI want to speak to you now.
thenentonces, después, luegoI’ll explain everything and then you’ll understand.
wellbienI don’t play soccer well.
yesYes, I will!
yettodavía, aúnThe guests haven’t arrived yet.

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: grammar words

Algunas grammar words, tales como adjetivos posesivos, artículos, conjunciones y determinantes son:

Grammar wordTraducciónEjemplo
mymiMy computer is too old.
yourtuYour house is bigger.
his / her / itssuHis job is really interesting.
ournuestroOur boss is cool.
theirsu, de ellosTheir mother is a doctor.
a / anun, unaA dolphin is a large sea mammal.
theel, la, los, lasThe theater is next to the city hall.
thiseste, estaThis is the best I can do.
thataquel, aquella, ese, esaHow much is that shirt?
theseestos, estasThese shoes are new.
thoseaquellos, aquellas, esos, esasThose people are Spanish.
alltodo, todosAll men are created equal.
somealgunos, algunasSome antiques have been robbed.
much / manymucho(a), muchos(as)There isn’t much food left.
oneunoOne of my friends saw the thief.
afterdespuésEmma is coming over after school.
andyYou and me are good friends.
becauseporqueI like them because they’re honest.
butperoIt was raining but I went running.
ifsiWhat would you do if you were rich?
oroDo you prefer the golden or the silver pen?
soentoncesIt was snowing, so we stayed at home.

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: pronouns (pronombres)

Algunos pronombres en inglés son:

IyoI am at home today.
youYou are my favorite person.
heélHe doesn’t know what to do.
sheellaShe is a brilliant student.
itsujeto neutro (sin traducción)It is nice and warm today.
wenosotrosWe study at Juilliard.
theyellosThey are welcome at home.
mine  míoKarl is a friend of mine.
yourstuyoThat backpack is yours.
hissuyoThey prefer his.
herssuyoHers is much better.
oursnuestroThis house is not ours.
theirssuyoThe fault is theirs.
everybodytodosEverybody knows that.
somebody / anybodyalguienThere’s somebody at the door.
whencuandoTell me when you’re ready.
whilemientrasThe phone rang while I was having a shower.
howcómoHow do you go to work?
whatquéWhat are they saying?
whencuándoWhen did it happen?
wheredóndeWhere do you live?
whichcuálWhich do you like best?
whoquiénWho told you that?

Las palabras más usadas en inglés: prepositions (preposiciones)

Algunas de las preposiciones más utilizadas son:

Preposición o adverbioTraducciónEjemplo
aboutsobreWhat is the book about?
afterdespuésDon’t go out after dark.
ata las, enThey arrived at 10 p.m.
beforeantesDad told me that we had to be back before midnight.
betweenentreThe theater is between the city hall and the museum.
bypara, porYou have to get this finished by Friday.
forparaThis present is for you.
fromdesde, deI come from Mexico.
inenThe concert is in March.
ofdeThe beginning of the movie is shocking.
offde, fuera, apagadoThe lights are off.
onsobre, en encendidoPlease leave the envelope on the desk.
outfueraI’ll be out of the office.
overpor encima deThe boys jumped over the fence to cut some flowers.
througha través deWe passed through the town on our way to Atlanta.
toa, haciaAre you going to school?
untilhastaWe stayed up until 2 a.m.
with / withoutcon / sinCan I go with you?

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"Las palabras más usadas en inglés". Autor: Marilina Gary. De: Argentina. Para: Enciclopedia de Ejemplos. Disponible en: https://www.ejemplos.co/las-palabras-mas-usadas-en-ingles/. Última edición: 28 junio, 2023. Consultado: 7 junio, 2024.

Sobre el autor

Autor: Marilina Gary

Profesorado de Inglés para enseñanza media y superior (Instituto Superior Juan XXIII, Bahía Blanca, Argentina).

Fecha de publicación: 7 marzo, 2023
Última edición: 28 junio, 2023

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